The Parable of the 10 Minas:
The Seriousness of the Office of Christ the King
By True Christianity
In this article, I want to share more understandings I have received about the parable of the 10 minas/talents and how detrimental it is for anyone whom disassociates Christ from His parables, they are missing what the Kingdom of God really is. When Christ came to be with us in the flesh, He came to teach us the finer points of the commandments, precepts, statutes and judgments and how they reflect our minds and hearts towards God and our neighbor. Christ was very clear in His ministry about how difficult it is for a person to attain salvation. Giving up everything and everyone in one’s life and to follow Christ was commanded for us to obey and do. In essence, this parable is about obedience to the king. When the King tells you to do something, you better do it. If we do not do what Christ commanded us to do, then, we are telling Christ that we don’t want Him to reign over us, that we don’t love Him, like the wicked servant and the opposition chose to do in the 10 minas parable. The 10 minas/talents are about how the reign of Yeshua works.
This parable is hard for some to understand because many people have a preconceived notion of Christ as a kind man who is easily “pushed over” to make excuses for their sinful hearts. Christ’s kindness should never be confused with deficiency in righteousness and judgment. Mercy and grace are NOT being addressed in this parable AT ALL. The king in this parable gave his servants a direct command to, “Engage in business until I come,” (Luke 19:13) and left to receive a kingdom for himself. Interesting to note, that the master left his property to his servants, then, left them. When he returned, he was a king and not just a master, then, he had the power to destroy his enemies. This is symbolic of Christ, our master/teacher, leaving this earth for heaven and sending the Holy Spirit to give mankind gifts to use for His kingdom (John 14:16, 18; Acts 2:1-4), then when He returns, He brings His rewards with Him, some to eternal life, some to eternal punishment. Think about it!
I can agree with some people, that this parable also has strict teachings about the proper use of the talents/minas, but the overall message is to DO SOMETHING with what talents you were given AND profit, even at the very least, gain interest on that talent. When I say talents, I literally mean your God given abilities and/or the material abundance that Yahweh gives us. There are other parables that go into depth about the improper use of wealth such as: the young rich ruler, which in this instance, shows that Christ was not saying that the rich man is wrong for having so much money, indeed, Yahweh Himself blessed this man with an abundance of wealth (Deut. 8:18 & Eccl. 6:2), but as with most people, they think that wealth acquired in this life is to be used only for ourselves, when in fact, Yahweh intends for us to use the wealth He bestows on us for His kingdom. The king who gives his servants the 10, 5 and 1 minas, expects upon his return to see his investment producing a profit or at the very least interest on his own.
The Parable of the Talents
14“For it will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted to them his property. 15To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one, to each according to his ability. Then he went away. 16He who had received the five talents went at once and traded with them, and he made five talents more. 17So also, he who had the two talents made two talents more. 18But he who had received the one talent went and dug in the ground and hid his master’s money. 19Now after a long time the master of those servants came and settled accounts with them. 20And he who had received the five talents came forward, bringing five talents more, saying, ‘Master, you delivered to me five talents; here, I have made five talents more.’ 21His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a little; I will set you over much. Enter into the joy of your master.’ 22And he also who had the two talents came forward, saying, ‘Master, you delivered to me two talents; here, I have made two talents more.’ 23His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a little; I will set you over much. Enter into the joy of your master.’ 24He also who had received the one talent came forward, saying, ‘Master, I knew you to be a hard man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you scattered no seed, 25so I was afraid, and I went and hid your talent in the ground. Here, you have what is yours.’ 26But his master answered him, ‘You wicked and slothful servant! You knew that I reap where I have not sown and gather where I scattered no seed? 27Then you ought to have invested my money with the bankers, and at my coming I should have received what was my own with interest. 28So take the talent from him and give it to him who has the ten talents. 29For to everyone who has will more be given, and he will have an abundance. But from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away. 30And cast the worthless servant into the outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth (ESV).’
The Parable of the Ten Minas
Luke 19:11As they heard these things, he proceeded to tell a parable, because he was near to Jerusalem, and because they supposed that the kingdom of God was to appear immediately. 12He said therefore, “A nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom and then return. 13Calling ten of his servants, he gave them ten minas, and said to them, ‘Engage in business until I come.’ 14But his citizens hated him and sent a delegation after him, saying, ‘We do not want this man to reign over us.’ 15When he returned, having received the kingdom, he ordered these servants to whom he had given the money to be called to him, that he might know what they had gained by doing business. 16The first came before him, saying, ‘Lord, your mina has made ten minas more.’ 17And he said to him, ‘Well done, good servant! Because you have been faithful in a very little, you shall have authority over ten cities.’ 18And the second came, saying, ‘Lord, your mina has made five minas.’ 19And he said to him, ‘And you are to be over five cities.’ 20Then another came, saying, ‘Lord, here is your mina, which I kept laid away in a handkerchief; 21for I was afraid of you, because you are a severe man. You take what you did not deposit, and reap what you did not sow.’ 22He said to him, ‘I will condemn you with your own words, you wicked servant! You knew that I was a severe man, taking what I did not deposit and reaping what I did not sow? 23Why then did you not put my money in the bank, and at my coming I might have collected it with interest?’ 24And he said to those who stood by, ‘Take the mina from him, and give it to the one who has the ten minas.’ 25And they said to him, ‘Lord, he has ten minas!’ 26‘I tell you that to everyone who has, more will be given, but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away. 27But as for these enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, bring them here and slaughter them before me (ESV).’”
With both Matthew and Luke’s writings of this parable we can see a deeper heart issue going on within the servants of the master. The two servants whom invested the talents reaped a profit for their Lord. Their hearts were right in their obedience to the master. The one servant who did NOTHING with his talent lacked obedience to put the master’s talent into the bank so he could at least gain some interest on it. The wicked servant was “fearful” (vs21) of the master not out of respect for the master, but he feared his own punishment over losing the minas more than he feared the master. The irony, sadly, is that what he feared did actually come true. The idea is not that the rich get richer and poor get poorer, but what God gives to us (wealth, material possessions, etc.…) is for His glory. Those who profit more from the use of their talents will be judged and rewarded for their faithfulness and given more. Those who do nothing with what God has given them will be judged and have their rewards taken from them and given to another.
Rev. 21:8 – But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death.”
Christ’s lesson in this parable is how He will honor those whom have faithfully followed Him in all His ways, kept working for the Kingdom of God and how He will judge those who reject Him and His rule. This is what will happen when Christ returns to earth to reign.
Dan. 12: 1 “At that time shall arise Michael, the great prince who has charge of your people. And there shall be a time of trouble, such as never has been since there was a nation till that time. But at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone whose name shall be found written in the book. 2And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. 3And those who are wise shall shine like the brightness of the sky above; and those who turn many to righteousness, like the stars forever and ever.
Matt. 25:31 “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. 32Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33And he will place the sheep on his right, but the goats on the left. 34Then the King will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 35For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, 36I was naked and you clothed me, I was sick and you visited me, I was in prison and you came to me.’ 37Then the righteous will answer him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you drink? 38And when did we see you a stranger and welcome you, or naked and clothe you? 39And when did we see you sick or in prison and visit you?’ 40And the King will answer them, ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me.’
41“Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. 42For I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me no drink, 43I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not clothe me, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.’ 44Then they also will answer, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not minister to you?’ 45Then he will answer them, saying, ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to me.’ 46And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”
Matt. 24:42 Therefore, stay awake, for you do not know on what day your Lord is coming. 43But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what part of the night the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let his house be broken into. 44Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect. 45“Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his master has set over his household, to give them their food at the proper time? 46Blessed is that servant whom his master will find so doing when he comes. 47Truly, I say to you, he will set him over all his possessions. 48But if that wicked servant says to himself, ‘My master is delayed,’ 49and begins to beat his fellow servants and eats and drinks with drunkards, 50the master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he does not know 51and will cut him in pieces and put him with the hypocrites. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
What was going on that gave Yeshua the opportunity to teach the parable of the 10 minas? At the beginning of Luke chapter 9 we see, Zacchaeus, who is a chief tax collector in Jericho, whom in his personal encounter with Yehsua repented of his sins, paid back more that was required by the Law (must do WORKS!) of all that he had stolen and allowed Christ to stay with him in his home. Christ honored Zacchaeus’ works and declared that Salvation had come to his house!
Luke 19: 8And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I restore it fourfold.” 9And Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, since he also is a son of Abraham. 10For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.”
Christ approved of Zacchaeus’ use of his wealth because he did what was right according to the Law and even gave half of his goods to the poor. (The Law required in cases of voluntary restitution the addition of one-fifth of the value of the thing restored (Leviticus 6:5; Numbers 5:6-7; see also Lev. 25:35-36. Ellicott’s Commentary https://www.biblehub.com/commentaries/luke/19-8.htm) It was this perfect example of Zacchaeus that Christ used to teach the crowd about the parable of the 10 minas. Zacchaeus’ heart was laid bare before all in that he coveted material wealth and the hardness of his love/heart for the poor, of whom, which he probably extorted from and oppressed. The turning of this man’s heart to righteousness or right living, earned him salvation! AMAZING!
Another parable, Yehsua gave, was of the Wicked Tenants.
The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
Luke 20:9And he began to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard and let it out to tenants and went into another country for a long while. 10When the time came, he sent a servant to the tenants, so that they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11And he sent another servant. But they also beat and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed. 12And he sent yet a third. This one also they wounded and cast out. 13Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will respect him.’ 14But when the tenants saw him, they said to themselves, ‘This is the heir. Let us kill him, so that the inheritance may be ours.’ 15And they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16He will come and destroy those tenants and give the vineyard to others.” When they heard this, they said, “Surely not!” 17But he looked directly at them and said, “What then is this that is written:
“‘The stone that the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone’?
18Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, and when it falls on anyone, it will crush him (ESV).”
Luke 19:27. But those mine enemies, &c. — Having thus inquired into the conduct of his servants, and treated them according to the different use they made of what had been entrusted with them, he then proceeded to pass sentence on his rebellious citizens, who had refused to have him for their king; and with a just resentment of their base ingratitude, he commanded them to be brought thither immediately, and slain in his presence, that others might learn a more dutiful submission by the execution of these rebels. The word κατασφαξατε, here rendered slay them, properly signifies, slay them with the sword, and seems first to refer to the dreadful slaughter of the impenitent Jews, by the sword of each other and of the Romans. But that does not seem to be the chief design of the passage; it more especially relates to the far more terrible execution which shall be done on all impenitent sinners in the great day, when the faithful servants of Christ shall be rewarded. Now all this was as if our Lord had said, Thus shall I at length appear, not as a temporal sovereign, but as the great eternal Judge and victorious Ruler over all; when, having received power and dominion from my Father, I shall bring all to their final account, and with infinite ease triumph over those who reject and affront my authority: take heed, therefore, that you be not found in their wretched number, as many will be who pretend most eagerly to desire the Messiah’s appearance (https://www.biblehub.com/commentaries/luke/19-27.htm).
The parables of the 10 virgins and the Wedding Feast are so closely related to the parable of the 10 minas, it’s almost inseparable. It’s the idea of how the Kingdom of God will manifest itself on the earth and how, we as individuals, will play our parts in its inception. Do not think that we will not be accountable for our actions just because we call ourselves Christians. In fact, if we truly are sons and daughters of the Most High God, then, we will be judged and punished first before anyone else for our incorrect actions and words on behalf of Yahweh (1 Pet. 4:17).
It is interesting to note, that the parable of the 10 minas and what comes immediately afterwards is the parable of the 10 virgins. Why? Perhaps it’s a specific message for all of us to not let our “spirit” go out, because without our spirit in the right spirit, we cannot carry out those thoughts or ideas to keep using our talents for the Kingdom of God. Numbers 14:24 shows how Caleb had a different spirit from all the others, which caused him to follow God fully and God rewarded him for this spirit. Lamps are also light, which Christ told us, Matt. 5:15 – No one lights a lamp and then puts it under a basket. Instead, a lamp is placed on a stand, where it gives light to everyone in the house.
Luke 11:36 – So if your whole body is full of light, and no part of it in darkness, you will be radiant, as though a lamp were shining on you.”
Revelation 2:5 – Therefore, keep in mind how far you have fallen. Repent and perform the deeds you did at first. But if you do not repent, I will come to you and remove your lampstand from its place.
The Parable of the Ten Virgins
1“Then the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went to meet the bridegroom. 2Five of them were foolish, and five were wise. 3For when the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them, 4but the wise took flasks of oil with their lamps. 5As the bridegroom was delayed, they all became drowsy and slept. 6But at midnight there was a cry, ‘Here is the bridegroom! Come out to meet him.’ 7Then all those virgins rose and trimmed their lamps. 8And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ 9But the wise answered, saying, ‘Since there will not be enough for us and for you, go rather to the dealers and buy for yourselves.’ 10And while they were going to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast, and the door was shut. 11Afterward the other virgins came also, saying, ‘Lord, lord, open to us.’ 12But he answered, ‘Truly, I say to you, I do not know you.’ 13Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour (ESV).”
Again, the parable of the wedding feast shows us that we have the proper attire to attend the King’s wedding feast.
The Parable of the Wedding Feast
Matt. 22:1And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, 2“The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son, 3and sent his servants a to call those who were invited to the wedding feast, but they would not come. 4Again he sent other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, “See, I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my fat calves have been slaughtered, and everything is ready. Come to the wedding feast.”’ 5But they paid no attention and went off, one to his farm, another to his business, 6while the rest seized his servants, treated them shamefully, and killed them. 7The king was angry, and he sent his troops and destroyed those murderers and burned their city. 8Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding feast is ready, but those invited were not worthy. 9Go therefore to the main roads and invite to the wedding feast as many as you find.’ 10And those servants went out into the roads and gathered all whom they found, both bad and good. So, the wedding hall was filled with guests.
11“But when the king came in to look at the guests, he saw there a man who had no wedding garment. 12And he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without a wedding garment?’ And he was speechless. 13Then the king said to the attendants, ‘Bind him hand and foot and cast him into the outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’ 14For many are called, but few are chosen (ESV).”
These parables are Christ Yeshua’s way of telling us that He is looking for the kind of heart He will accept and the kind of heart he finds lacking. The seriousness of this teaching can be understood by one of six uses of the phrase Christ uses as dogmatic expression, “truly I say to you, (Luke 18:17). The only other times He uses this expression is in: Luke 4:24; 12:37; 18:29; 21:32; 23:43. Christ is stressing great importance to these sayings as they relate specifically to our hearts and what he finds acceptable or lacking. A repentant, contrite and a ‘to follow’ heart is what Yahweh loves.
Third, in terms of discipleship, each contains three occurrences of the verb •êï ëï õèÝù (akoloutheô, “to follow,” the only uses of the verb in the unit) with three positive examples (#s 1, 5–6) and three negative ones (#s 2–4). In Jesus’ encounter with three would be followers, (1) one says, “I will follow you wherever you go” (9:57); (2) Jesus tells another, “follow me,” but the would be disciple wants to first go and bury his father (9:59); (3) yet another says to him, “I will follow you Lord but first let me go and say good-bye to those at home” (9:61). (4) Jesus tells the rich young ruler, “come, follow me” (18:22), but he does not; (5) Peter tells Jesus, “we have left all our things and followed you” (18:28); (6) upon receiving his sight, the beggar “followed him [Jesus]”(18:43)(https://evangelical.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/f2015.4.buckwalter.pdf ).
In closing, the remedy for this parable and when we find our hearts are not right with Yahweh, we have a simple solution. Decide to be an overcomer, repent of your sin, make restitution and follow God with a contrite heart. Rejection of Yahweh or His Laws IS rejecting His authority over our lives. In essence, rejecting Yahweh’s Laws and His authority is literally rejecting love, even Divine Love. Overcoming requires absolute dependence on Yahweh for guidance in every aspect of our walk with him (Prov. 3:5-6). Overcoming means to be victorious over our battles with sin, the Devil, and this world. Overcoming also requires us dig out all the hatred, bitterness and unforgiveness in our hearts so that we can forgive and thus be forgiven by Yahweh.
Christ Yeshua’s teaching are clear. We don’t need to learn from anyone else of what it takes to gain Salvation. The examples He gives us makes it clear to us how to obtain Salvation. We appropriate atonement only IF we obtain reconciliation with people we have offended (Matt. 5:22-26). Zacchaeus is proof of Christ’s teaching this Truth that Salvation comes by repentance and obedience (Matt. 7:19; 19:29; 25:30-46; John 5:28-29; 15:1-6; James 2:14-17) NOT faith alone.